St John’s House Trust (Bridgend) Charity Reg. No. 1147340
o the roof above the hall, whilst a Great Chamber over the service end
lies below a loft.
The stairs to the upper floors are encased with in the walls and lit
through small arched lights each created by carving through a single
building block. The original porch and the corners of the main building
are dressed with quoins fashioned from Quarella stone and the door
frames in most of the rooms are fashioned from Sutton stone. Other
notable architectural features are the squared lights in the porch and
the herring-bone shaping in the main hearth wall.
The ground floor is paved in stone slabs, the upper timbered. The
building retains many of its timbers but the upper floors and some
purlins and beams were replaced in the late twentieth century during a
previous attempt to bring the building back into use.
St John’s Hospice is protected as a Grade II* Listed building (No 13111);
the description was last amended in 1986 and can be accessed via the
Historic Wales Portal
The building was rapidly surveyed by the Royal Commission on Ancient
and Historical Monuments in Wales c 1980 and is noted in the relevant
volume of the Glamorgan Inventory, it is also described in Peter Smith’s
overview Houses of the Welsh Countryside (Royal Commission on the
Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales 1975, 194, 199).
The building is of unusual quality and preserves a degree of structural
integrity not always seen in domestic dwellings of late Medieval and
early post-medieval date in Wales. The property was visited again in
2014, a copy of the report can be found by following this link.
In style and plan it belongs to a class of buildings known as hearth-
passage houses which in plan share a common characteristic of the main
hall fireplace and chimney backing onto a central passage, which serves
to divide the house into two units, but it may have been adapted from
an established structure.
The building is of probable late fifteenth century
construction with later sixteenth century/early
seventeenth century alterations. Alongside some
minor modifications, extensions were added to the
front and rear of the building in the later part of
the eighteenth and in the nineteenth centuries. All
bar one of the extensions has been removed.
The central passage is entered through a
storeyed porch, enlarged from a
smaller entrance, which on the
ground floor gives access to the
hall on the north (upslope) side
and two service rooms to the
south , the eastern of these is
apsidal to the east. On the
second floor is a single room open